How to Prepare Your Dog for Whelping Puppies: A Simple Guide

How to Prepare Your Dog for Whelping Puppies: A Simple Guide

September 01, 2023

Welcoming a litter of adorable little puppies into your home is an exciting and rewarding experience. However, it is a huge responsibility and it's essential to be well-prepared to ensure the health and safety of both the mother and her puppies during the whelping process. This article will guide you through the steps to prepare your dog for whelping puppies in a straightforward and easy-to-understand manner.


Choose the Right Location:

  • Select a comfortable, quiet, and secure place for your dog to give birth. A quiet room, a spacious crate, or a whelping box are all suitable options. Make sure the area is clean and easily accessible for you to monitor the process. Make sure she is separate from your other animals. 

Gather Necessary Supplies:

  • Before your dog goes into labor, gather the following essential supplies:
    • Whelping box or crate
    • Clean bedding (newspapers, towels, or puppy pads)
    • Thermometer
    • Heat lamp or heating pad
    • Puppy-safe disinfectant
    • Scissors and dental floss or hemostat forceps (for cutting and tying umbilical cords)
    • Nutritious food for the mother
    • Water and food dishes
    • Clean towels and blankets
    • Phone numbers for your veterinarian and an emergency vet
    • Your car filled with gas and ready to go in case of emergency
    • An experienced friend to lend a hand

Monitor Your Dog's Health:

  • Leading up to the expected due date, keep a close eye on your dog's health. If you notice any significant changes in her behavior or any signs of distress, consult your veterinarian promptly. Common signs that labor is approaching include restlessness, panting, nesting behavior, and a drop in body temperature.

Create a Comfortable Whelping Area:

  • Set up the chosen whelping location at least a week before the expected due date. Line the box or crate with clean bedding and make it as comfortable as possible. Ensure there is enough space for the mother to move around comfortably and for the puppies to nurse. 

Prepare for Temperature Control:

  • Newborn puppies are vulnerable to temperature changes, so it's crucial to maintain a warm environment. Use a heat lamp or heating pad to keep the whelping area between 85-90°F (29-32°C) initially, gradually decreasing the temperature as the puppies grow. Always monitor the temperature closely to avoid overheating.

Learn About the Whelping Process:

  • Educate yourself about the different stages of labor in dogs. These stages typically include:
    • Stage 1: Early labor, characterized by restlessness and nesting behavior.
    • Stage 2: Active labor, when the mother starts delivering puppies.
    • Stage 3: The passing of the placenta after each puppy is born.

Knowing what to expect can help you stay calm and assist your dog if needed.

Be Prepared to Assist:

While most dogs can handle whelping on their own, be prepared to step in if necessary. Consult your vet for guidance on when and how to assist during labor. Always be gentle and avoid unnecessary interference.

Postnatal Care:

After the puppies are born, ensure they are nursing well, clean, and warm. Keep the whelping area clean by removing soiled bedding promptly. Monitor the mother's behavior to ensure she's attentive and caring for her pups.

Veterinary Checkup:

Schedule a post-whelping checkup for both the mother and puppies with your veterinarian. This helps ensure that everyone is healthy and thriving.


Preparing your dog for whelping puppies is an important responsibility for any dog owner. By following these simple steps and being vigilant and compassionate, you can help ensure a safe and successful whelping process for your furry friend and her precious pups. Remember, if you have any concerns or questions, don't hesitate to reach out to your veterinarian for guidance and support.

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